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The library of essays of Proakatemia


Kirjoittanut: Ariel Cohen - tiimistä SYNTRE.

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Esseen arvioitu lukuaika on 4 minuuttia.


Ariel Cohen


In this essay, l will try my best to explain to you, what exactly is a dialogue, how does it differ from other styles of conversation, how can you improve your skills in it, and why dialogue-based education is a revolutionary discovery.


What is dialogue?


For me, the definition of dialogue was kind of self-explanatory before reading more about it and l found out that it is not simply a conversation between two people, it’s a similar exchange of thoughts, with understanding each other’s thoughts, respect them and trying to find a common solution. Before looking into it, dialogue, debate and just a regular conversation were all same and it was hard to see any differences between them, basically every exchange of words between two people was a conversation for me.


For having a dialogue, it must fulfill these terms.


  • Participants of the dialogue are equal
  • Dialogue is built on active and conform listening to other’s perspectives
  • Participants in the dialogue should be prepared to examine and question their own background assumptions
  • Dialogue requires trust between participants.


How does it differ from other styles of conversation?


It is easiest to find out the nature of dialogue by comparing it to debate, which is well known from politics. two or more politicians are debating about something and usually, they can’t find any solution to problems, because in a debate you are defending your own thoughts against others. When you enter a debate, usually you are right, and the opposite side is wrong and that forms the basic dynamics of a debate. There are no winners or losers in dialogue, should politicians try it and maybe try to find a common path that would be the best for everyone? l do not know, but at least it is enjoyable to watch them fight like little kids.

Debate and dialogue also differ in the way they proceed. The purpose of the debate is to defend the original argument or point of view – or at least to examine it to the end. The dialogue should not be a matter of whether the initial statement is already true or adhere to some very narrow subject matter. Rather, the desire for dialogue is to provide an understanding of the views of others and to create meanings for the issues at stake. (R. Holm, 2016)



Why is dialogue-based education is revolutionary discovery?


Paulo Freire was a Brazilian educator and philosopher, who was a leading advocate of critical pedagogy (Dialogic pedagogy). His most notable work was a book called Pedagogy of the oppressed which is the foundational text of the critical pedagogy movement.


Dialogic pedagogy, for what Paulo is most known for, is a learning process, in which teachers and pupils critically interrogate the topic of study, express and listen to multiple voices and points of view and create respectful and equitable classroom relations. The aim of dialogic teaching is to maximize the potential of the teacher-student interactions to attain the best educational outcomes and improvements for all children. Dialogic teaching encourages students to think and question ideas, explore new points of view, and construct knowledge in dialogue with their peers and with teachers. (Salas, R. Aguileta, G. Padros, M. Salas, M. 2020)


In Proakatemia, we don’t have teachers, but the pedagogy is the same, we do believe that dialogic type of teaching is the best way to go, and it has proven itself to be the right way. Every day we are going to school to have a dialog with the whole group, learning from others and brainstorming ideas. We don’t have a teacher who is oppressing us by using his/her power, we can say our own opinion and we don’t have to be afraid. We can create a dialog between our teachers, and both learn and evolve.



How to improve a dialog?


These things might seem like common sense, but it truly helps in dialogue. Be present, make others feel like you are truly there and listening, listen actively, ask a lot of questions, think for a moment before answering and give other people room to speak. Hand gestures and nodding helps.


Sitting in a circle is important to dialogue.  In a circle everyone can see everyone else, no seat is more important than any other which implies that everyone’s contribution is equally important.


A check-in is an invitation for each person at the very start of the meeting to say what they are thinking, feeling, or wanting to tell others in the conversation.  This gets people into the room and concentrating on what they are doing, and it gets all the voices into the conversation thereby making participation in the meeting easier.


dialogic practices are essential for a high-quality exchange between participants and using the practices will lead the group into dialogue.  Without these dialogic practices, it is hard to have a high-quality conversation.  The dialogic practices are Listening, Respect, Suspension (rather than being certain you are right), and Voice (saying what you think or feel rather than saying what you think will go down well).


Using a check-out tool at the end of the dialog. The check-out may be prompted by a question, and it may cover observations, noted actions, suggestions for doing things differently next time, outstanding issues to be discussed, and so on. Just keep in mind how to give negative feedback and don’t push anyone down.






Dialogical skills will help you a lot in life, it helps you to understand others better and others to understand you better. Each one of us is having dialogs daily and l would believe that most of you have things to improve in it. In this essay, l tried my best to explain the basics and gave some tips to improve them in your everyday life.


“l remain convinced that most human conflicts can be solved through a genuine dialogue conducted with a spirit of openness and reconciliation” -Dalai Lama





Holm, R. 2018. Mikä tekee dialogin: Dialogisen vuorovaikutuksen tunnuspiirteet ja edellytykset. Read on 6.2.2022.



Nguyen, T. A Brief Analysis of Freire’s Dialogue Term. Read on 6.2.2022



Salas, R. Aquileta, G. Padros, M. Salas, M. 2020. Implications for social impact of dialogic teaching and learning. Read on 7.2.2022



Dialogue skills. Read on 8.2.2022



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